What is Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS)?
Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS) is a system of instruction that supports success for all students;
MTSS provides early academic and behavioral help, rather than waiting for a student to fail;
MTSS provides an improved way for school teams to meet the individual needs of your child;
MTSS provides instruction at different levels or tiers depending on the needs of each student; and,
MTSS is available to all students to help them succeed and to increase student achievement.
What are the Goals of Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS)?
Improve the quality of instruction;
Prevent unnecessary academic and behavioral failure;
Provide proven, or evidence-based, interventions for all students;
Prevent unnecessary referral to special education;
Prevent rather than react to student difficulties;
Involve and support parents as partners in the MTSS process;
Support teachers’ use of effective instructional strategies and practices.
What is the Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS) Process?
While the MTSS process does vary from school to school, the following is a basic framework for how most schools implement MTSS:
Tier 1: All students are screened both academically and behaviorally to determine how all students are progressing. The school reviews the instruction provided to all students, and ensures that each student’s progress is monitored. Teachers differentiate instruction, or use different approaches, to meet unique student needs.
Tier 2: For students who are still not making adequate progress, the school: gathers more specific information about the individual needs of the student; develops an intervention plan for each student, including how the information will be collected and reviewed with the parents throughout the process; and, provides evidence-based intervention matched to the need of the student.Tier 3: For students who have not achieved the goals established in the intervention plan, the school provides increasingly individualized interventions and/or provides interventions on a more frequent basis.
Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS) and Family InvolvementFamily involvement plays an important role in student achievement, and has a positive impact on student achievement. Families are partners within the MTSS process. Families need information about the process when their child is first identified at-risk or is struggling in school. Communication and teamwork throughout the MTSS process improve results for all students.
What Can You Do if You Have Concerns about Your Child’s Progress?
Communicate regularly with your child’s teacherContact your child’s teacher, counselor, or other staff member and ask for a team meeting
Review MTSS data; your child’s strengths, work samples, peer relationships, and challenges
If at anytime in the process, the parents or the school suspect that the student has disability, the student should be referred for a special education evaluation. Any information collected from the intervention process will and should be reviewed as part of the evaluation. Students may continue to receive support and interventions while the special education evaluation is occurring.