• Monday, October 25, 2021 Missed Day
    Tuesday, October 26, 2021 Chapter 16 and 17 Multiple Choice Test  
    Summarize contributions of Copernicus, Brahe, Kepler, Galileo, and Newton 595-602
    In your summary, consider Aristotle's and Ptolemy's view and how Copernicus challenged them, Kepler's 3 laws, Galileo's contribution that led text to say "crucial corner of Western Civ being turned." Explain; and finally, Newton's synthesis. (2+ pages) 
    Wednesday, October 27, 2021 1st 1/2 of class: Class Time to Read Chapter 18, 2nd 1/2 Discussion: Are we all just specks of dust?
    Discussion: Descartes and Bacon: Deductive vs. Inductive Reasoning=Scientific Revolution I think, therefore I am

Enlightenment Questions



    Enlightenment Questions

    Do a Very Careful, complete job of this
    1. Explain three central concepts of Enlightenment thinking (p. 605)
    2. Explain the distinction in classes between the Enlightenment leaders
    and most of the rest of society.
    3 What was Fontenelle’s primary contributions?—discuss progress
    Explain how his views challenged religion. Pp. 605-06
    4. The text says that the works of Fontanel and others reflected “a
    real crisis in European thought at the end of the 17th century”
    growing out of several “intellectual uncertainties and
    dissatisfaction's.” Take good notes on each of the four uncertainties.
    5. Relate these uncertainties to Montaigne and his skepticism and
    6. interest in foreign cultures.
    7. Who were the philosophes? How did they cater to the public, rather
    than to the private world? How did they view the public?
    8.. Why did they write satirical and double meaning works?
    9. .What were the Baron Montesquieu’s greatest works--Briefly
    summarize each and explain the importance.
    10. Summarize Montesquieu’s political theories not mentioned in #9.
    11Give a background of Voltaire’s life p. 609
    12 Why is she important: Madame du Chatelet
    . 13 What were some of Voltaire’s major views and how did they differ
    from those of Montesquieu?
    . 14. What is meant by the Clockmaker? What is Deism? (Read pp.
    626-27 before you answer---make this a big answer)
    . 15 Describe the importance of Diderot and the Encyclopedia
    16. How did d’Holbach differ from Voltaire?
    17.What were Hume’s beliefs towards God?
    18 What is so ironic about Condorcet’s beliefs and life?
    19 Briefly summarize Rousseau’s beliefs p 612..
    20 pp.612-15 discuss the increase in French reading materials and the
    effects of this shift.

    21 How did this reading revolution contribute to the rise of a critical
    world view?
    22 . How does Immanuel Kant, the German Enlightenment thinker fit
    into this picture?
    23. What was the rococo ?
    24. Describe the Enlightenment Salons. Who were the most famous
    women involved?
    25. Reread last paragraph on salons beginning with “As this passage “
    p. 615 and summarize its importance.

Nicolaus Copernicus The Revolutions of the Celestial Orbs