Nevada Truancy Laws and Washoe County School District Truancy Procedures
What is Truancy?
Truancy is defined as an unexcused absence from school. A Habitual Truant is one who has been declared a truant three or more times within one school year per Nevada State Law, (NRS 392.040).
What happens on the first confirmed truancy absence?
In compliance with Nevada State Law, NRS 392.144 (1), the school and the parent will attempt to determine the reasons for the truancy and "the school...shall take reasonable actions designed, as applicable, the encourage, enable, or convince the pupil to attend school." AND as soon as possible after the truancy has been confirmed, the school will generate and mail the first truancy letter.
What happens on the second confirmed truancy absence?
When the parent confirms the student truant a second time, the school will follow all procedures listed above in "First Confirmed Truancy," except the school will enter in the resolution.
“Truancy Letter 2” will be notated in the student's record to indicate that a second truancy letter has been sent. The school may consider the second consecutive day of a truancy "incident" as the second confirmed truancy.
If a case has not already been opened for a ninth grader or younger the school will contact the Attendance Office. The Attendance Office will attempt to intervene before the third truancy and may decide to bring the student to the Student Attendance Review Board (SARB).
What happens on the third confirmed truancy absence?
When the parent confirms the ninth grader or younger truant a third time, the school will follow all procedures listed above in "First Confirmed Truancy," except the school will enter the event name "Habitual Truancy Referral to Attendance Board" into the student's record. The resolution "Truancy Letter 3," will be indicated on the student's Behavior Tab. Subsequently, a third habitual truancy letter is sent to the household.
Can a student be cited by law enforcement for Habitual Truancy?
The citation of an elementary, middle school and 9th grade student usually occurs at SARB or shortly thereafter when the child has broken the mandatory attendance clause given at SARB. If the student is cited at SARB, the school will record code Event name“Habitual Truancy Referral to Law Enforcement” in the Behavior Tab and use the SARB date.
What is the Student Attendance Review Board (SARB)?
A Student Attendance Advisory Board is created by state statute and is instructed to:
- Review the records of attendance and truancy of students submitted to the advisory board and identify factors that contribute to the truancy of students in the school district.
- Establish programs to reduce the rate of truancy of students in the school district and annually evaluate the effectiveness of those programs.
- Establish a procedure for schools and the school district to report the status of students as habitual truants and the status of citations issues by law enforcement agencies.
- Inform parents and/or guardians of the students who are enrolled in the schools of the policies and procedures adopted.
- Report on a quarterly basis to the Board of Trustees of the school district an accounting of money used by the advisory board to review school attendance to reduce the rate of truancy of students in the district.